On June 25, 2012, ESMA has published a draft text to regulate the market for over-the-counter derivatives, providing this text for consultation until September. It is of course ironic "regulating" a system of "over the counter", which consisting an oxymoron: a "over the counter regulated". This is why the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) in a roundabout way. Firstly, its project aims at to bring transparency in the system, which it says that the dysfunction is related to the market is held primarily by bilateral relations between banks. Secondly, it envisages a system of warranties, failure of consideration, brings financial and banking regulation. Thirdly, it aims to better supervise the clearing houses, their status of which would be a "crucial operator" is better recognized.