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Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB)


Atomic Energy Regulatory Board Niyamak Bhavan Anushaktinagar Mumbai - 400094 INDIA Phone: +91-22-25990100 Fax: +91-22-25576255 Safety Research Institute IGCAR Campus Kalpakkam Tamil Nadu - 603102 INDIA Phone: +91-44-27480287 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- KEY OFFICIALS 1. Bajaj S.S. Chairman, AERB Phone No.: +91-22-25562343 Fax:+91-22-25562344 E-mail: ssbajaj 2. Duraisamy S. Vice-Chairman, AERB Phone No.: +91-22-25574024 Fax:+91-22-25565717 E-mail: vc 3. Bhattacharya R. Secretary, AERB & Director, Information & Technical Services Division & Director, Industrial Plants Safety Division Phone No.: +91-22-25576255 Fax:+91-22-25576255 (ITSD) +91-22-25516342 Fax:+91-22-25516342 (IPSD) E-mail: rbhattacharya 4. Bishnoi L.R. Head, Siting & Structural Engineering Division Phone No.: +91-22-25563218 Fax:+91-22-25990450 E-mail: lrbishnoi 5. Gaikwad Avinash Head, Nuclear Safety Analysis Division Phone No.: +91-22-25574025 Fax:+91-22-25574025 E-mail: avinashg 6. Krishnamurthy P.R. Director, Operating Plants Safety Division Phone No.: +91-22-25580436 Fax:+91-22-25552879 E-mail: prk 7. Sonawane A.U. Head, Radiological Safety Division Phone No.: +91-22-25574287 Fax:+91-22-25990650 E-mail: ausonawane 8. Vakharwala K.J. Director, Nuclear Projects Safety Division Phone No.: +91-22-25573812 Fax:+91-22-25990550 E-mail: kjvakharwala 9. Balasubramaniyan V. Director, Safety Research Institute Phone No.: +91-44-27480287 E-mail: 10. Nakhwa Sangeeta Administrative Officer - III Phone No.: +91-22-25552891 Fax:+91-22-25583230 E-mail: sangeetarn


Atomic Energy Regulatory Board was constituted on November 15, 1983 by the
President of India by exercising the powers conferred by the Atomic Energy Act
to carry out certain regulatory and safety functions under the Act.

The AERB is derived from the rules and notifications
promulgated under the Atomic Energy Act
and the [Environment (Protection) Act, 1986->].


mission of the Board is to ensure that the use of ionizing radiation and nuclear
energy in India does not cause undue risk to health and the environment.


The Atomic Energy Regulatory Board was constitued on November 14, 1983 bu the President of India by exercising the powers conferred by the Atomic Energy Act to carry out certain regulatory and functions under the Act.

More precisely, its functions are :

  • Develop safety
    policies in both radiation and industrial safety areas.

    Develop Safety
    Codes, Guides and Standards for siting, design, construction, commissioning,
    and decommissioning of different types of nuclear and radiation
  • Grant consents for
    siting, construction, commissioning, operation and decommissioning, after an
    appropriate safety review and assessment, for establishment of nuclear and
    radiation facilities.

    Ensure compliance
    of the regulatory requirements prescribed by AERB during all stages of
    through a system of review and assessment, regulatory inspection
    and enforcement

    .Prescribe the
    acceptance limits of radiation exposure to occupational workers and members of
    the public
    and approve acceptable limits of environmental releases of
    radioactive substances.

  • Review of the
    emergency preparedness plans for nuclear and radiation

  • Safety reviews for
    transport of large radioactive sources, irradiated fuel and fissile

  • Review of the
    training program, qualifications and licensing policies for personnel of nuclear
    and radiation
    facilities and prescribe the syllabi for training of personnel
    in safety aspects at all levels.

  • Take such steps as
    necessary to keep the public informed on major issues of radiological safety

  • Promote research
    and development efforts in the areas of safety.

  • Maintain liaison
    with statutory bodies in the country as well as abroad regarding safety


Currently, the Board consists of a
full-time Chairman, an ex-officio Member, three part-time Members and a


is supported in its functions by a number of committees. Members of all the AERB
committees are recognized experts with long experience in the relevant fields
and come from DAE units, various Governmental organizations, academic institutes
and industry. A large number of retired experts are also members of the various
AERB Committees.

Apex Safety Review Committees

The apex safety review committees of AERB are the Safety Review
Committee for Operating Plants (SARCOP) and the Safety Review Committee for
Applications of Radiation (SARCAR). SARCOP was constituted in June, 1988 to
evaluate and enforce nuclear, radiological and industrial safety in all
operating units including public sector undertakings of the Department of Atomic
Energy, for ensuring safety of the operating personnel, members of the public
and the environment. SARCOP is supported by a number of specialist committees
such as the Standing Committee on Reactor Physics, Committee on Steam and Water
Chemistry, Committee on Control & Instrumentation and Computer Systems and
Expert Group on Coolant Channel Safety for detailed review of issues pertaining
to specific technical fields. In addition, there is a unit safety committee for
each operating unit (or a group of units) for detailed operational safety review
of individual units and advising SARCOP. In 1987, AERB constituted a Committee
known as Licensing and Appellate Committee. This committee was restructured in
1991 with a new name as Safety Review Committee for Applications of Radiation
(SARCAR) with a view to streamlining the implementation of Radiation Protection
Rules in all practices and organizations using radioisotopes and radiation
sources in medical, industrial and research institutes.

Apex Advisory

has constituted a number of Advisory Committees that deal with nuclear safety,
radiological safety, industrial and fire safety, and occupational health. In
addition, there are Advisory Committees for Safety review of various Projects
(ACPSR) and Advisory Committees for assisting AERB in its safety documents
development work. The Advisory Committee on Nuclear Safety (ACNS) was
constituted in January, 1985. to advise AERB on generic issues affecting the
safety of nuclear installations including siting, design, construction,
commissioning, operation and decommissioning The Committee also reviews and
makes final recommendations on the draft AERB safety Codes, Guides and Manuals
before they are put up to Chairman, AERB for approval. Similarly, the Advisory
Committee on Radiological Safety (ACRS), Advisory Committee on Industrial and
Fire Safety (ACIFS) and the Advisory Committee on Occupational Health (ACOH)
advises AERB in the respective fields. ACPSRs of various projects recommend to
AERB issuance of authorization at different stages during siting, construction
and commissioning of nuclear facilities including NPPs, after reviewing the
submissions made by the plant authorities and based on the recommendations of
the associated Project Design Safety Committees. AERB has constituted an
Advisory Committee for preparation of Code & Guides on Governmental
Organization for the Regulation of Nuclear & Radiation facilities (ACCGORN).
There are also the Advisory Committees for Codes, Guides & Associated
Manuals for Safety in Operation of NPPs (ACCGASO) and Safety in Design (ACCGD)
as also the Advisory Committee for Safety Documents for Fuel Cycle Facilities


AERB secretariat has nine
divisions. The heads and directors of divisions constitute the Executive
Committee which meets periodically with Chairman, AERB and Vice-Chairman, AERB
to take decisions on important policy matters related to the management of the
Secretariat of the Board.

addition Safety Research Institute was set up at Kalplakkam to carry out and
promote safety related researcg in areas of relevance to regulatory

AERB has a mechanism to check its
effectiveness and quality assurance in its activities and a process by which it
improves its systems through its own experience feedback and international
regulatory practices.

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